The EU IUU Regulation carding process: A review of European Commission carding decisions
Under the IUU Regulation, non-EU countries identified as having inadequate measures in place to prevent and deter this activity may be issued with a formal warning (yellow card) to improve. If they fail to do so, they face having their fish banned from the EU market (red card) among other measures.
This briefing provides an overview of the key factors that have influenced the European Commission’s carding decisions to date.
Yellow and red-carding process is encouraging fisheries reforms and must be maintained – Case Study
The EU Regulation to end illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing requires that ‘third countries’ (those not in the EU) which export fish to the EU or lend their flags to vessels that import into the EU meet strict standards for fisheries management. If these standards are not met, the countries may be ‘carded’, which means that they could ultimately face exclusion of their fish from the EU market.
Third country carding process: success for South Korea and the Philippines – Case Study
This case study lays out the detailed process by which the European Commission worked with both South Korean and Philippine authorities to address compliance issues, resulting in the successful lifting of the yellow cards for both countries.
Understanding the EU’s carding process to end illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing – Meeting Conclusions
On 6 October 2015, representatives from the European Commission, national governments, industry and NGOs came together at the Residence Palace in Brussels to discuss the EU’s procedure for
identifying non- cooperating third countries in the fight against IUU fishing (the “carding process”).
Available in: English
Map of EU carding decisions
The map below shows ‘red and yellow’ carding and ‘green’ delisting of third countries by the European Commission since the IUU Regulation entered into force in 2010.
Click on the flags for more details.
This map was last updated on